DX Series Recorder Visual Guide
This guide is meant to give you a brief overview of the various menus within the NVR's operating system:
Starting from the Live View screen, right click the mouse to bring up the sub menu:
Now navigate to and select the Main Menu option:
The first option is Playback - this is where you can retrieve the stored video files captured by your cameras.
You can select the cameras to playback by checking the box next to the camera's name(s). After selecting the camera(s) you can select the date using the calendar above them. Once you have everything selected, hit the play icon to start the playback. You can drag the time line to specific point and use the time interval buttons on the lower right hand side of the screen to narrow down the time period.
The next menu option is AI: this is for advanced features, some of which are not widely implemented or require specific cameras or hardware in order to function. To avoid confusion I will only be going over IVS (intelligent video system) which is used for Tripwire and Intrusion detection.
Tripwire is a virtual line that is drawn into the camera's FOV (field of view) and can be set to be a single direction or bi-directional. It is meant to trigger some reaction from the recorder when something or someone cross that line.
Intrusion is a virtual 4-sided box so it works the same way as tripwire but activates when something or someone "intrudes" in the box. It also can be a single direction or bi-directional.
This menu option is to search for those specific events. You would select the camera channel number (camera OSD name are not shown here), the start and stop time, and the event type then click the Smart Search button to return the relevant video clips.
The IVS rules are setup in the parameters but there are several steps and it will be covered in a separate guide to make it more comprehensive.
The next menu option is Alarm which actually covers quite a few settings. Starting with Alarm Info, this will show you a log with a time date stamp and a short description of the alarm event. You can specifically check a time frame or type of event by using the options above the event log and then clicking search.
The next menu option, Alarm Status, is just a informational page about the status of the alarm state.
Moving to Alarm Input, this is used for physical alarm contacts and requires physical hardware to be installed. This is where you would make the NVR perform a function based on the status of the alarm contact (i.e. start recording if a door opens or a PIR sensor is triggered).
The next screen, Video Detection, is going to be important if you intend to record based on motion (as opposed to continuous 24/7). In order to have the camera(s) tell the NVR when to record, you must enable them in the Motion Detection sub menu (see below). Also each camera should have Record Channel checked and check the Setting button to ensure it is set to the same channel you are currently looking at (i.e. if on channel D1 then it should be set to record channel D1 when motion occurs). This menu also lets you set the Post Record time, this is the amount of time the NVR will continue to record after motion has stopped. This time is in seconds and most systems have this set between 10 to 60 seconds. Make sure to hit Apply before leaving the page to save your settings.
After clicking enable you should decide where in the FOV (field of view) you want to have the camera activate from by clicking the Settings button (to the right of where it says Region) . This can be the whole view or you can select any partial areas (it will trigger when motion occurs in the red highlighted sections).
Below the left side of the screen has been excluded from the camera motion detection.
Continuing down the sub menu options you will see less commonly used video detection triggers: Video Loss, Tampering, Scene Change, and PIR Alarm.
Video Loss is when the video stream is no longer transmitting, if you choose to use this then having a buzzer sound or sending an email would be the most typical responses
Tampering is a detection mode that looks for changes in the camera's FOV to determine if it has been moved, obscured, covered or sprayed with paint. Enabling it will have it examine the current scene and any major change to that baseline scene will cause it to trigger. You setup what you want it to do after this trigger has occur using the various options checkboxes.
Scene Change is used to detect abnormality of monitoring scene, such as camera being blocked, moved, or intense light change among other things. The intelligence library will make a comparison between the original picture and the picture of the camera which has been blocked or moved, and judge if there is similarity; it will trigger device alarm if it cannot find a match.
PIR Alarm is intended to be used with a physical PIR to function.
The next alarm section is Audio Detection which only works when using cameras with microphones. If you are using a camera with a microphone and want the audio to trigger an event you would set it up here. This is not required to simply record audio, this is in a different menu set.
The last menu in this section is Abnormality which is for alarms related to the NVR itself such as a hard drive failure, IP conflict, or illegal login attempts. Each menu has a drop-down to select different events and several options below that can be enabled/disabled base on your preference.
From the Main Menu, the next menu we will look at is Operation which is mainly used by the system administrator / professional installer. The first sub menu is Log which shows all system events. In order to find something more specific you need to use the Type drop down and the date/time selections to make the results more relevant.
The next sub menu is Information which shows the firmware version, serial number, and other various details of the hardware and software.
The next tab called HDD shows the current installed hard drives and the capacity / free space.
The next tab called BPS is a graph showing each IPC channel current bits per second or how much network bandwidth is being used by each camera.
The final tab is HDD Health Detection which is a built-in set of tools for determining if there is a problem with the installed hard drives.
The third sub menu is Network which has Online Users, Load, and Test tabs.
The first tab, Online Users, shows which users are currently logged into the system and allows you to block them if you wish to do so.
The Load tab is a graph shows the systems total send and receive speed. Receive is indicative of the total camera incoming load and send is indicative of the amount of remote viewing load.
The last tab, Test, is a few basic network tools that the NVR use to help setup the device.
The last sub menu is System Maintain which has Auto Maintenance, IMP/EXP, Default, and Upgrade tabs.
The first tab, Auto Maintenance, is used if you want to have the NVR reboot periodically. This is not usually enabled as the system will not be recording during the reboot process which is something most people want to avoid occurring. It is disabled by default.
The next tab is IMP/EXP meaning import and export, this is used to backup your configuration or upload an existing configuration to a new recorder.
The next tab, Default, can be quite powerful so I recommend staying away from this tab unless you understand what you are doing. The default tab can reset either some or all of your device parameters back to their factory state meaning it will delete everything you entered and return it to when you first received the device. The Factory Default button at the bottom completely wipes the system and will reboot back to the setup wizard. **Use at your own risk, contacting a professional is recommend to utilize this menu**
The final tab is Upgrade, this is used to update the system operating firmware. It is not recommended to update the firmware unless you are experiencing a problem or a new feature was released that you wish to use.
The next Main Menu option is Backup which is used to backup video clips to a USB drive, using this menu on its own would require that you already know the date and time as well as the camera channels that you wish to save.
The next Main Menu option is Display which relates to the monitor outputs and the live view tour settings.
The Display sub menu contains a transparency slider which will make the menu screen more or less transparent (meaning you can make it so you can still see the camera's live view even when the menu is up). The other options include checkboxes to display the time and date, the channel (camera) information, image enhancement, and the IVS rules. Original scale is use to prevent the camera image from being stretched to a wide-screen ratio. Some of the larger systems have multiple monitors and that would be reflected in the dropdown menu for the Screens. The last option is for the output resolution -- Warning! there is no confirmation screen so if you select a resolution output not supported by your TV or monitor then you will no longer have an image displayed. If this happens you need to connect the system either through VGA or to a monitor/TV that supports the higher selected resolution in order to adjust it back down.
The next sub menu is Tour which is used when you want to view groups of camera in a sequence, for example you could make group 1 have cameras 1-4 and group 2 have cameras 5-8 then enable Tour and set the interval to what ever time frame you want (default is 5 seconds). Then hit apply below. Now when tour is being used your live view will switch between group 1 and group 2 every 5 seconds.
The next main menu option is Audio which has 2 sub menus: File Manager and Schedule.
The first sub menu, File Manager, is meant to save audio files for being played back by an alarm trigger (if you selected this option).
The next sub menu is Schedule which is the audio schedule for changing which audio track is enabled at what time.
Moving on the the main menu options that do not have icons (at the bottom of the main menu screen). The first one is Camera and this used to initially setup you system or to make changes to the camera parameters.
The first sub menu is called Registration which is were the can be initialized and added to the system. For NVRs with a built-in PoE network switch, this part is done for you, if you are using a dual LAN system then this is where you select the cameras and add them to the recorder.
The next tab is Status and it shows the connected cameras with indicators for status (green - connected, red - disconnected), various parameters, and some of the camera information.
The next tab is Firmware and this page is purely informational providing the current firmware version and serial number of the camera.
The last tab is Upgrade and this is where you would update the camera firmware if available. As stated before, updating the firmware should only be done to address a specific issue or to implement new features into the camera, it is not supported for general maintenance.
Moving onto the Image sub menu, this menu allows you to tweak the image settings to provide a better picture. It also has option to flip the camera image, turn on/off BLC or WDR for difficult lighting conditions, and adjust the white balance.
The next sub menu is Overlay and it contains the video overlay and the privacy masks.
The Overlay is the time display and the camera name display. You can change the position of them by dragging them with the mouse to where you want them to appear in the image. The channel display, or camera name, can be modified on this screen to help you identify the camera where doing playback.
The Cover-Area tab, or privacy masks, is used to block a part of the camera's view so that it is not recorded. This can be required when you camera is pointing at something or someone that needs to retain privacy from the camera.
The next sub menu is Encode and this is where you setup the camera's recording parameters for resolution and image quality. There is individual settings for both main stream (the high resolution recorded stream) and sub stream (the lower resolution stream for viewing in live view grids to reduce system load). Also in More Settings you can set the motion pre-record time and enable audio recording (if supported by your camera).
The next tab is for Snapshots which is related the alarm triggers and you can set the resolution, image quality, and the interval delay.
The last sub menu is Cam Name which is just a grid screen that allows you to name all of your cameras (assuming that you didn't name them using the overlays sub menu). You don't get to visually see your cameras so you would need to know which camera is connected to each channel to use this menu.
The next main menu option is Network. This is a really large option list and a lot of this will not be used so I will be skipping some the entries. If you feel that you need to use one of the menus not covered then you probably already have a strong grasp on how to setup network devices regardless.
The first sub menu is TCP/IP and this menu is for assigning the NVR a physical IP so that it can connect to your local area network (LAN).
By default the IP will be 192.168.1.108, to change it you will click the pencil icon next to the IP address. At this point you can change the information to your desired IP and gateway or if you are unsure you can enable DHCP and let your router assign the IP address for you. Hit OK to save and exit from this menu.
Also make sure to assign the recorder a preferred and alternate DNS (generic DNS addresses seen below will usually work if you are unsure). If you set the IP address to DHCP then you can also set the DNS addresses to DHCP. Hit test to verify it was successful and then hit Apply before leaving the page.
Skipping down to Email, you can set this up if you intended to have alarm triggers send you an email. You will need to enable it and use the information provided to you by your email provider into the top four fields. The receiver information is where you want to send it (you can setup multiple address here). Once again use the test button and confirm you received your test email then hit apply before leaving the page.
The Switch sub menu is for NVRs with integrated PoE switches in them, the IP address and gateway show the IP scheme that will be used to apply IP addresses to the attached cameras. You may change it if you wish but it cannot be the same scheme as the NVR's network LAN information, it is recommended to leave it as default.
The P2P submenu is one of the places you can find the NVR's QR code that can be used to add it to remote connection devices such as the DMSS app or the Smart PSS desktop software. This the primary system used to connect to the NVR remotely and should be left on unless you do not want remote access or understand networks well enough to port forward it yourself.
The next main menu option is Storage and it related to hard drive management.
The first screen is Basic and it is used to set the video pack size and the hard drive recording behavior. The options should not be changed for optimal performance.
The next sub menu called Schedule is very important. This tells the recorder how you want the cameras to record. By default it is set to 24/7 continuous recording.
If you click the Sprocket icon at the end of one of the green lines you will see this screen pop up (see below).
Regular = Continuous Recording
MD = Motion Recording
Alarm = Physical Alarm Sensor Triggered Recording (Uncommon)
IVS = Tripwire / Intrusion Based Recording (Advanced)
You have the option to break up the day into different recording types such as recording 9 am to 5 pm continuous and 5:01pm to 8:59am on motion, to save storage space at a business. Most systems are just set to 24 hours schedule with either continuous or motion.
See the following screenshots to see 2 recording schedules and what that looks like on the scheduler (Pro tip: if you have motion and continuous at the same time on the scheduler then you retain the high security aspect of 24/7 recording but can see motion events on the timeline during playback helping you to quickly find important events).
Then you can select motion on Period 2 with what ever time range you want
Hitting OK will result in a Schedule like this:
Another time saving tip, if you want to repeat the same schedule for every day of the week, go back into the Sprocket icon and then click the All checkbox. This will apply it to all 7 days, hit OK and you can see that the schedule applies to all days now.
Feel free to play around with the schedule but before leaving make sure you have no gaps in the schedule timeline. Also if you setup motion recording here in the schedule, then you must go back to the Alarm -> Video Detection setting and enable Motion Detection and check to make sure the motion grid is on (the Settings button to the right of the enable button).
The next tab is the Snapshot schedule which works exactly the same way but is only for the image snapshots. I recommend leaving it on continuous.
HDD Manager is the pretty much the same as the Operation -> Information -> HDD seen before but with the ability to format (erase) the hard drives.
The next sub menu, Record, if how the system is designed to handle the various streams. By default, only the main stream is recorded - there is no reason to change anything on this page.
The next sub menu is called Advanced and it is designed to setup very specific record groups. I will not be covering this.
Skipping down to HDD Detect, this allows you to look for bad sectors/block on the hard drive. You would only use this if you are having storage record issues as a trouble shooting tool.
If you decide to use it there can be risks (see below):
A good hard drive should look like this:
Rec Estimate is a approximation tool to give you a general idea of the record time based on your cameras.
FTP stands for file transfer protocol and it is meant to allow storage over the network/internet. It currently only supports snapshot images to be uploaded.
The next main menu option is System. The General sub menu contains the General, Data & Time, and Holiday tabs
The first tab, General, has setting to allow you to:
Device Name: NVR -> this is purely cosmetic, it can be whatever you want
Language: Set the default language
Video Standard: NTSC (standard for North America) -> don't change this
Sync to Remote Device: Enabled means that it will sync changes made on the NVR to your cameras
Instant Replay (min): Default is 5 -> this is how far back the system go back when you select instant playback from the live view screen on a specific camera.
Auto Logout (min): time before the system will make you reenter the password, maximum is 60 minutes.
IPC Time Sync: enabled means that the connected IP cameras will get the time from the NVR to keep them all synced together
IPC Time Sync Period (hour): default is 24 meaning it does it once a day
Navigation Bar: enabled means that a menu overlay bar will appear when you single click the screen in live view
Mouse Sensitivity: adjusts the speed of the mouse cursor
The next tab is Date & Time, this is a pretty self explanatory. If you have DST (daylight savings time) in your area then you would set it here. The NTP (national time pool) is used to make the NVR update the time from the internet. Use whatever you prefer then click apply to save your settings.
The next tab is Holidays, if you have a holiday where you to give the NVR a break from recording then this is the spot though I don't know anyone who uses this. Leave it blank and move on.
The next sub menu is Security, this makes the NVR only respond to specific devices/MAC addresses. It is not commonly used.
The next tab is System Service which has a few checkboxes for internal services of the NVR, it is recommended to leave them in their default state unless you have a specific reason to modify them.
The last main menu option is Account and this is where you setup additional user beyond the basic admin account.
The sub menu User is used to add users, click the Add User button bring up the window to facilitate this. You can set the user name and password as well as select the user type and their rights (see Group for setting this part up).
The next sub menu is called Group and this is where you select the rights and capabilities of the various users. You can assign different users to whichever group you create. Click Add Group to create a new group and on the pop up window decide what you want that group to be allowed to do.
The next sub menu is Password Reset, if you skipped this during the wizard then please take a moment to enable the email password reset (enter a valid email that you have access to). Also answer the 3 questions below (if you don't like the question then click the drop down to find a better one). Find somewhere secure to leave these answers. ** If you fail to do this step and you forget your password, entered an invalid email, and don't know the answers to the 3 questions then you will need to disconnect your NVR and bring it to us so we can send it to engineering to have them plug into the board and factory default it **
The last sub menu is ONVIF User and this is here to allow you to add cameras for third party manufacturers to the NVR. It is enabled by default and should not require any specific intervention on your part to make it work.